Elderly Diseases

AGEING – How to handle the changes (3) 

Old Lady with spectacles

AGEING – How to handle the changes (3)

Eyes and Ears

With age, we may face difficulty such as focusing on objects that are close up. Sensitivity towards glare may increase also trouble adapting to different levels of light. Ageing also can affect the eye lens, causing cataracts. 

Hearing might also be diminished. We might have difficulties in hearing high frequencies following a conversation in a crowded place. 

To promote eye and ear health: 

  • Schedule regular checkups. Follow your doctor’s advice about glasses, contact lenses, hearing aids and other corrective devices.
  • Take precautions. Wear glasses or a wide-brimmed hat when you are outdoors, and use earplugs when you’re around loud machinery or other loud noises. 


Your gums might pull back from teeth. Certain medications, such as those that treat allergies, asthma, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, also can cause dry mouth. As a result, your teeth and gums might become slightly more vulnerable to decay and infection. 

To promote health: 

  • Brush and floss. Brush your teeth twice a day, and clean between your teeth-using regular dental floss or an inter-dental cleaner- once a day. 
  • Schedule regular checkups.


With age, skin thins and becomes elastic and more fragile, and fatty tissue just below the skin decreases, one might get bruised easily. Decreased production of natural oils might make your skin drier. Wrinkles, age spots and small growths called skin tags are more common.

To promote health: 

  • Be gentle. Bathe or shower in warm water (not hot). Use mild soap and moisturizers. 
  • Take precautions. When you’re outdoors, use sunscreen and wear protective clothing. 
  • Don’t smoke. Smoking contributes to skin damage, such as wrinkling.

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