- Clocks, calendar and written notes can be used to help a person with dementia to stay oriented.
- If you are talking to a dementia patient, repeat yourself, as the person can easily forget what you just said.
- Keep yourself restricted to maintain a calm voice. Use simple and brief statements with eye contact and comfortable touch to gain confidence. Make sure that the person understands you.
- Prefer to direct choice questions like yes or no, rather than asking open ended questions.
- Try to ignore repeated questions. This may initially make the person angry but eventually the question will stop coming if they are not being answered.
- Try to have a good talk with the person and ask about their past experiences, as they will be able to recall their past events better than the recent ones.
- Be positive while talking to the patient. Avoid negative comments like, “don’t do that”, etc.
- If the person is frightened, in pain or hungry, try to make the person comfortable and respond accordingly.
- Simplify the things going around the person, by reducing the extra crowd, noise and activity around the person.
- You have to be patient, as you might also become angry and irritated by the person at times.
- Regular physical exercise, doing things that involve using of brains and participation in basic activities, can help the person with dementia.
- Maintain safe surroundings around the dementia patients, to prevent falls, also keep the things away from the person which can cause harm to them, like dangerous utensils and tools, etc.
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